Primula
English Daisy

Monthly Perennial Care Tips

March

  • It’s time to clean up your perennial beds. Rake away all dried foliage and debris.
  • Look for those bulbs you planted last fall. They should be starting to pop up.
  • Trim back grasses to 6 inches and any “woody” perennials (e.g. butterfly bushes)

April

  • Planting time is here! Make sure your soil is not too wet by making a ball — if the ball crumbles easily it’s ok to work the soil.
  • English daisies and primroses are beautiful now.
Shasta Daisy White Mountain
Coneflowers

May

  • Watch out for late frosts! Use an old sheet to cover any fragile foliage. Remove as soon as conditions allow.
  • Plant Hosta and other leafy plants later to avoid frost damage on leaves.
  • Start a fertilizer program this month.

June

  • Celebrate National Perennial Month! Let us help you design a new perennial border or bed.
  • Now is a good time to plant a butterfly garden. Butterfly bushes are a wonderful nectar source. You will also need plants that the larva can feed on; plants in the milkweed family are good for this. We have a huge selection of butterfly attracting plants for the larva and adult butterfly stages.
Hibiscus Pink Swirl
Shasta Daisy Banana Cream

July

  • A patriot garden is always welcome especially this month. Salvia and Veronica (Speedwell) can team up to help you achieve this look.
  • Don’t slack on the watering. New plantings need to be kept moist for the first full gardening season.
  • Boost perennials with an application of fertilizer. Use Garden Elements Bud & Bloom regularly.
  • Don’t forget to keep those bird baths full with fresh water and change the nectar in your hummingbird feeder often.
  • Remember to deadhead. This will extend your bloom time as you will get a second flush of flowers.

August

  • Water is very critical to new perennial plantings during hot days. An inch of water weekly is needed. Water early in the day when possible.
  • Stop fertilizing after this month so plants can harden off before winter.
Millenium Flowering Onion
Hosta Shadowland Autumn Frost

September

  • Fall is for planting! Asters, mums, bulbs and grasses are great combinations.

October

  • Warm days and cool nights trigger dormancy in most perennials, but ornamental grasses are in their prime. Plant at three foot intervals to create a screen effect.
Hamlen Fountain Grass
Shenandoah Red Switch Grass

November

  • Tidy up the perennial beds before winter.
  • If weather has been dry, you may want to water in your new perennials one last time.

December

  • Leave Coneflowers, night blooming primrose and other perennials that have gone to seed in the garden. The birds will enjoy the treats.
  • After the ground freezes, apply a layer of mulch.

Winter

  • Catch up on what’s new in perennial catalogs.
  • Plan a new theme garden! Some choices are:
    1. Cut flower Bed
    2. Fragrance Bed
    3. Dried Flower Bed
    4. Drought tolerant Bed
    5. Red-White-Blue Bed
    6. Hummingbird & Butterfly Bed
    7. Moonlight Garden