Cool Season Crops: Direct Sow


Sowing Info

Helpful Hints

Stellar Varieties

BEETS Sow at a depth of 4 times the size of the seeds; plant every 3 weeks for crops throughout the season Soak seeds in warm water 24 hrs before sowing to aid in germination. Leave at least an inch of foliage on the Beet when harvesting to prevent bleeding during cooking. ‘Detroit Dark Red’
RADISHES Sow at a depth of 4 times the size of the seeds; plant every 2 weeks til mid-spring, then again late summer. Harvest radishes as soon as they are large enough to eat.  The longer they remain in the ground, the spicier they become. ‘Cherry Belle’
CARROTS Sow at 1/4” depth, planting every 3 weeks until early summer. They are not tolerant of drought conditions or compact soil. Watch for orange crowns at the soil level as the plants mature.  If this occurs, mulch to keep the sunlight from turning them green. ‘Purple Haze’ (AAS)‘Tendersweet’
TURNIPS Sow at a depth of 4 times the size of the seeds. Continue successive sowings while the ground is still cool, and again in late summer for a fall crop. (Best crop is in the fall.) Apply mulch or soil around the tops of the roots to eliminate green shoulders. ‘Purple Top White Globe’
SPINACH Scatter seed and cover lightly with soil.  Plant every 2 weeks for continuous harvest. Plant some in a shaded spot to keep harvests going into the summer months as it bolts (goes to seed) when the days are hot and long. ‘Bloomsdale’‘Melody’
SWISS CHARD Direct sow in spring, or start seedlings indoors in March to transplant in early April. Some varieties of Swiss Chard are more tolerant of frost than others, take care not to plant too early in spring to avoid damage. ‘Bright Lights’
LETTUCE Scatter leaf lettuce seeds and lightly cover with soil as soon as the ground is workable in the spring. Several successive plantings of leaf lettuce will provide a constant crop for fresh salads ‘Red Salad Bowl’ (AAS)‘Simpson Elite’
PEAS Sow seeds about 1” deep and 2” apart in rows as soon as the ground is workable in the spring. If a trellis or fence is not feasible, look for upright pea varieties that don’t need a support to climb on. ‘Patio Wonder’‘Sugar Snap’‘Little Marvel’ (shelling)
ONIONS Onion sets and bunching green onions are planted 1-2” deep 3” apart early April to mid-May. As the onion matures, mulch around the top to get a nice tapered “neck”.  Harvest early for green onions; let others mature to bulbs. ‘Candy’‘Red Defender’‘White Sweet Spanish’
POTATOES Plant seed pieces in shallow trenches 3-1/2 to 4-1/2 “ deep, spaced 9-12” apart, and cover with an inch or two of soil. A well drained soil high in organic matter is preferred. They love fertilizer. Use GardenTone Organic Fertilizer when planting and Daniels Organic plant food as they mature. ‘Yukon Gold’‘Red Pontiac’‘Kennebec’